articles

Abstract When an individual commits a crime, there may be several evaluations which are ordered by the court. One of the most important will often be that of criminal responsibility. This speaks to the defendant’s state of mind during the criminal act for which he is to stand trial. There are many reasons a defendant may be found ‘not guilty for reason of insanity.’ However, experts for opposing counsel often disagree on their findings; even when the tools used to conduct the evaluations...

Abstract Lone wolf terrorism has become an increased threat to national security in the United States over the past several decades. As training for law enforcement has become hyper-focused in response to such incidents, prevention has taken a proverbial back seat. Meanwhile, politicians and the media use the term ‘lone wolf’ as nothing short of an excuse, as if the term alone explains why the attack was not thwarted. But is this assessment correct? Could it be possible to prevent an...

Abstract Domestic terrorism has plagued the United States for almost as long as it has been an independent nation. However, it was not until attacks that took place over the last few decades that a need to identify and address the threat was established. The agreement that domestic terrorism is a problem remains a far cry from agreeing on a viable solution. Controversy over how to define it, punish it, and prevent it without impeding constitutional rights continues to provide roadblocks...

The following is a paper I wrote about the behavioral and psychological impacts of violence and covers some of the lesser-known effects. Though it can apply to violence committed anywhere; as you read it, think about violence committed in the workplace. Remember not all workplace violence is physical and that these effects can become the financial responsibility of the employer. Abstract The effects of violence are both physical and psychological. An act of violence against an individual is likely to affect not only...

Abstract Workplace violence may take many different forms; however, none grant as much immediate attention as an active shooter event. Also referred to as ‘active threat,' these events are the fastest growing and the most violent type of workplace violence. They can occur with little to no warning and on average, are over before law enforcement arrives. The psychological impact of such events is far-reaching and touches first responders, as well as the victims and their families.  These incidents can cost...

The Occupations Health and Safety Administration (OSHA) defines workplace violence as “… any act or threat of physical violence, harassment, intimidation, or other threatening disruptive behavior that occurs at the worksite. It ranges from threats and verbal abuse to physical assaults and even homicide. It can affect and involve employees, clients, customers, and visitors.” OSHA further states “Each employer – shall furnish to each of his employee employment and a place of employment which are free from recognized hazards that are...

In 1943 Abraham Maslow proposed that motivation is the result of a person's attempt at fulfilling five basic needs: physiological, security, social, esteem, and self-actualization. According to his theory, these needs create internal pressures that can influence behavior. Many of you may be familiar with the pyramid model that often accompanies this theory, with the absolute basic human need being Physiological. These needs are required for human survival; air, food, water, shelter, clothing, and sleep. These are the needs that must be...

Hindsight being 20/20, it is indicative of every Active Shooter event for people to come forward after the fact and report the behavior of the shooter as being suspicious. Virginia Tech - The shooter had gone to the gun range, laid targets out on the ground, and practiced shooting while standing over them. He had walked the halls of the school, counting paces between the classrooms. He measured the distance around the door handles, which during his attack he chained shut. Moore,...

As an officer of the law, I have to make this decision every time I put on my uniform; the decision to survive.  I know those patches that read POLICE in reflective yellow make me a target of violence.  I understand that the oath I took to uphold the law and to protect & serve others means I will place myself between the threat and the innocent.  And I do so with the mindset that I will also protect my...

Most companies conduct background checks for new hires.  It’s not a new concept.  But for those of you who have tenured employees, how often are you looking into their backgrounds?  In the span of less than a year, how many life-altering events does the average employee experience?  How many of those could potentially affect their behavior at work? A couple of years ago, I put together a Safety & Security Council for one of my facilities.  This council was responsible for...